The GBA Fire and Safety Committee has put together the following list of Fire & Safety information
Fire Away: Prevention Tips for Outside the Cottage:
- Consider getting a fire pump. Not only can they be indispensable in an emergency, but they are ideal for watering down your property in times of drought – not to mention that they’re great for blasting a deck clean in minutes.
- Be aware of the fire rating in your municipality. And always respect fire bans.
- Keep BBQs clean and don’t leave them unattended while lit. Be extra careful when using them for the first time at opening.
- Keep BBQ lighters and matches out of the reach of children.
- Having an outdoor fire? Be aware of the wind. If it’s too gusty, don’t have a fire. When starting a fire, make it on rock or bare soil, well away from roots or flammable debris. Never leave a fire unattended. When leaving, douse the fire with water and stir the ashes to ensure it’s completely out.
- If you have a burn barrel, don’t leave it unattended and only use when it’s not windy. Set it up at least 5 metres from grasses and foliage and leave at least a 2-metre area of rock or soil around the barrel. Fully extinguish it when you leave.
- Keep firefighting tools (a fire pump, a bucket of water or sand, a garden hose and shovels) on hand when doing any outdoor burning.
- Store fuel, firewood and other combustible materials well away from the cottage: at least 10 metres away is recommended.
- Create a fire break around your cottage by removing combustible material such as debris and dead vegetation. Replace flammable plants with low-growing and woody or deciduous plants as they are more fire resistant.
- FireSmart Canada recommends that a fire break extend at least 10 metres around your cottage, but in some cases it may make sense to manage fuel sources up to 100 metres away. For more details, review the FireSmart guides available at www.firesmartcanada.ca.
- Keep roof and rain gutters free of dried leaves and pine needles. Install a screened cap on your chimney.
- If you allow smoking at the cottage, establish a safe smoking area free of flammable debris and provide a sand or water-filled can for butt disposal. Stress safe disposal of butts to all guests. In 2002 9,414 fires in Canada were caused by smoking. (Counsel of Canadian Fire Marshals and Fire Commissioners: Fire Losses in Canada 2002 Annual Report.(http://www.ccfmfc.ca/stats/en/report_e_02.pdf)
- Use extreme care in setting off fireworks – and never set them off during a fire ban or in an area with lots of brush or flammable debris. Have extinguishers at the ready. Make sure everything is fully extinguished.
- Keep highly flammable fibreglass boats and canoes away from the cottage.
Burning Issues: Fire Prevention Tips for Inside the Cottage:
- Cooking is the leading cause of home fires in the province. Don’t leave your stove unattended. Have an extinguisher nearby.
- Don’t leave fireplaces and candles unattended. With candles, make sure they are sturdily secured and blown out when you leave.
- Check and clean your chimney and fuel-burning appliances before using them. Ensure there are no chimney blockages.
- Have your chimney and fireplace cleaned and inspected for creosote build-up, cracks, crumbling bricks or mortar. Burn dry, well-seasoned wood to minimize creosote build-up. Use a screened chimney cap to catch sparks and embers.
- Have gas appliances checked by a technician regularly.
- Install a propane leak alarm at floor level – no more than 6 inches above the floor. Propane is heavier than air and pools in low lying areas.
- Properly dispose of ashes from your wood burning appliances. Place ashes in a covered metal container at least 3 feet away from anything that can burn.
- Store all flammable liquids in approved containers OUTSIDE of the cottage. Never store gasoline, propane or other highly flammable liquids inside or adjacent to the cottage. Never store near sources of heat or open flame. Dispose of old cleaning solvents, fuels and paints at a hazardous waste facility.
- Also keep in mind that the dry powder chemical inside the extinguisher tends to pack down in the bottom of the extinguisher over time, which may make it ineffective. Once a month, pick up the fire extinguisher, check the gauge or pin for pressure, turn it upside down and hit the bottom sharply with your hand, then shake it well. This should dislodge any compacted dry chemical inside the extinguisher. Most fire extinguishers have a lifespan of 5 to 15 years.
- Most residential fire extinguishers discharge in 8-10 seconds with a range of only 2 to 3.5 metres (6 to 10 feet). They should only be used to extinguish small, contained fires or to reduce a fire sufficiently to allow escape.
Hot Tips on responding to Fires
Last summer’s tinder-dry conditions in Georgian Bay, along with the Key River fire, have brought fire risk into sharp focus for GBA members. We conducted a survey with member associations to find out what everyone is doing to respond to fires so we can learn from each other. GBA put together a great source article on many aspects of fire safety in the Summer edition of Update. See:UPDATE Summer 2019 article.
Fire Safety Suggestions for Individuals:
- Make sure smoke and carbon monoxide detectors are present and working.
- Have a list of local emergency numbers posted for all to see. Include all pertinent cottage location information.
- Have the right fire extinguishers in the right places.
- Have an individual fire plan for evacuation.
- Make sure your plan has two escape routes.
- Respect local fire ratings.
- Have a fire pump and use it regularly to ensure it is in good working order.
- At the very least have a list of neighbours to call for assistance.
- Follow your association’s emergency plan if it exists.
- Make sure you have insurance. Make sure you understand what it covers and that it is adequate to rebuild and covers contents AND fire debris cleanup.
Henvey Inlet 2018 Fire
Please see a letter sent to the Ontario Government by GBA shortly after this fire started: Letter. The day after this letter was sent all construction on the Henvey Inlet windfarm and transmission line project ceased. GBA followed up with an article in our fall UPDATE issue: UPDATE Fall 2018 article.
MNRF Fire Ratings
GBA is discussing issues regarding how the MNRF fire ratings are calculated as we feel that the current system is not producing sufficiently robust fire ratings when conditions are very dry – in fact it is highly erratic and thereby allows inappropriate construction work to be carried out in dangerously dry conditions, which increases fire risk and impinges on public safety. See: UPDATE Fall 2018 article.
GBA is in the process of compiling a best practices manual containing tips on how to avoiding starting fires, and also the best ways to promptly deal with a fire that has broken out. Fire Safety content will be updated soon with this information. In the meantime, MNRF have produced a useful guide for Ontario residents, most of which is applicable for Georgian Bay cottagers. See: Home-Owners-FireSmart-Manual-MNR-publication